1. Homing Pigeons have been known to fly 700 miles in a day. A 10 year study carried out by Oxford University concluded that pigeons use roads and freeways to navigate, in some cases changing direction at freeway junctions.
2. Pigeons achieved a 98% success rate in the missions flown in WW II, despite enemy fire, and often with mortal injuries to themselves.
3. Pigeons are still used today by the French, Swiss, Israeli, Iraqi and Chinese Armies.
4. Noah's Dove was most likely a homing pigeon.
5. They were used by the Greeks more than 5,000 years ago.
6. They are bred, raised and trained as good as Thoroughbred Horses (four million or so worldwide).
7. They have been known to see very well over a 26 mile distance.
8. Scientist believe they may hear wind blowing over mountains from hundreds of miles away. The ability to hear sounds 11 octaves below middle C allow the pigeons to detect earthquakes and electrical storms.
9. In the late 1800 the most heroic recorded flight was from a pigeon that was released in Africa and took 55 days to get home in England. Traveling over 7,000 miles.
10. Unless separated, pigeons mate for life. They have been known to live over 30 years. Both parents feed their young milk.
11. In the 17th century, King George I of England, decreed all pigeon droppings to be property of the Crown—and the “lofts” were policed to enforce the law! (Pigeon manure was used in making gunpowder)
12. The pigeon has the rare ability for a large bird to be able to fly nearly straight up.
13. Advanced studies at the University of Montana conclude: “Pound for pound, columba livia (the pigeon) is one of the smartest, most physically adept creatures in the animal kingdom.” The pigeon can pass a mirror test, recognizing it’s own reflection, and is only one of 6 species, and the only non-mammal, that has this ability. The pigeon can recognize all 26 letters of the English language as well differentiate between photographs and even between two different human beings in a photograph.
14. Pigeons are the only bird in the world that do not have to lift their head to swallow water.
15. When the pigeon is in long flight, it reaches back and holds on to the short tail feathers with its feet in order to save energy from holding its legs up.
16. During breeding season, when there are more than a few babies on the floor, all parents will feed all babies, even if they are not their own.
17. Why do you never see baby pigeons? Pigeons lay only 2 eggs at a time, and then spoil those babies shamefully. The parents feed the babies until they’re totally fat, happy, and freathered out. By the time they leave the nests, they are the same size as adults.